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Guam Information

For over three hundred years, Guam was ruled by Spain until 1898 when Guam was ceded to the United States. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, the island was retaken by the U.S. three years later. Guam has become strategically the most important U.S. base in the Pacific.

Guam History
On March 6, 1521 Ferdinand Magellan landed on Guam marking the first European contact and the beginning of the island's recorded history. Soon thereafter, Guam became the place for Spanish galleons to replenish their supplies of food and water during its annual voyages from Mexico to the Philippines.  Missionaries and soldiers arrived in the 1600s establishing Guam as a colony for the king of Spain.  Hence, the island's predominantly Catholic community, culture, architectures, family names with strong Spanish influence.

Guam Population
The estimated population of 2004 was 166,090. Chamorros represent the largest ethnic group of the island at 37% with the Filipinos accounting for 26% and Caucasians at 14%.  The remainder of Guam's population accounting for 27% includes Korean, Japanese, Chinese, and other Pacific Islanders.

Guam Economy
Prior to World War II, the majority of the island's residents were involved in agriculture primarily on a subsistence basis. After the war, the U.S. Department of Defense established military bases on the island, opening up multitude of jobs in construction and services for base operations. Today, while Guam's economy still relys heavily on the U.S. military spending, the island's tourism industry has grown rapidly, creating more job opportunities for its people. More than a million tourists visit Guam each year, making it the leading industry of the island today.

Guam Industries

-US Military

-Transhipment Services
-Tourism -Concrete Products
-Construction -Printing and Publishing
-Food Processing and Textiles  

Guam Federal and Local Holidays
The national and local holidays observed on Guam are New Years, Martin Luther King Jr.'s Birthday, President's Day, Guam Discovery, Good Friday, Memorial Day, U.S. Independence Day, Guam Liberation Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veteran's Day, Thanksgiving Day, Feast of Immaculate Concepcion, and Christmas Day.

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